Gallows , the apparatus for executing the sentence of death by hanging. It usually consists of two upright posts and a crossbeam but sometimes consists of a single upright with a beam projecting from the top. The Roman gallows was the cross , and, in the older translations of the Bible , gallows was used to describe the cross upon which Jesus was crucified Ulfilas uses the term galga in his Gothic Testament. Another form of gallows in the Middle Ages was found at Montfaucon near Paris. This was a square structure formed of columns of masonry connected in each tier with crosspieces of wood.
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Gallows humor has always served him and other activists well; it had to in such dark times. Whichever of the groups was in power would be marching the other to the gallows. But when the people we put in power strung him up on the gallows his last words proved almost true. The last tally of children on death row, in , estimated at least child offenders were awaiting the gallows in Iran. Languishing in a prison cell in southwestern Iranian city of Ahvaz, year-old Razie Ebrahimi awaits her date with the gallows. I shall die, Joscelyn, but like a soldier; not on the gallows. The judges were more concerned with appeasing the people than with recalling old precedents, and sent the woman to the gallows. Tom Hyde, the tinker, standing on the gallows , was asked if he had anything to say.
Gallows were thus widely used for public weighing scales for large objects such as sacks of grain or minerals, usually positioned in markets or toll gates. In modern usage it has come to mean almost exclusively a scaffold or gibbet used for execution by hanging. Public weighing gallows were often large permanent tripods in market squares, posts and cross beams, or a cantilevered beam projecting from the side of a building adjoining a market or toll gate or point, usually with a fixed hook for supporting the weighing scales. This points to the earlier execution style in which a person sentenced to death had been tied to a bent-down tree and then released. Occasionally, improvised gallows were used, usually by hanging the condemned from a tree or street light. Hangings from such improvised gallows are usually lynchings rather than judicial executions. In Afghanistan, the Taliban used football goals as gallows.
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